Home arrow Military Publications – Field Manuals – USAHEC arrow FM Mine/Countermine Operations. Reference URL. Share. Save to. Field Manual (FM) provides United States (US) armed forces with tactical, technical, and procedural guidance for conducting mine and countermine. Field Manual FM Mine/Countermine Operations at the Company Level [ Department of the Army] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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FM 20-32 Mine/Countermine Operations

Mines must also be nearly 20-2 to the target laying on either side. RCUs operatuons organizational issues of equipment and are assigned to engineer and combat arms units. If the minefield group’s intent is to exhaust the enemy’s breaching assets, AP mines should be integrated to attack its dismounted reduction ability. Make steep slopes to prevent tipping. The distance or spacing from the end row marker to the first mine is the mine spacing for that row.

The form is destroyed when the minefield is removed. Adding more situational obstacles.

Mine/Countermine Operations FM 20-32 C2

They are placed aside to prevent confusion when counting clusters. Obstacle Emplacement Authority Obstacle emplacement authority is the jurisdiction that a unit commander has to emplace tactical obstacles. The remainder of the chapter provides guidance on the employment of tactical minefields— specifically their functions, designs, and integration principles.

Buried mine with pressure plate gure Full-width fuses are designed to be effective over the entire target width and can cause a K-Kill from penetration and spalling metal or from secondary explosions. The supply point is established and operated by theTF and is centrally located to support all planned obstacles within theTF sector.

AHDs are not used in hasty protective row minefields. Conventional Minefield Reinforcement The Hornet can be used to reinforce a conventional turn, block, or fix minefield Figure For light forces, guides may physically escort passing units from the far recognition marker to the lane entrance.


In some cases, such as a hasty defense, protective minefields are laid on short notice by units that use mines from their basic load or local stock.

At TF and battalion levels, obstacle effects for obstacle groups are required. Laying counntermine minefield continued It simply means that rm sum effect of groups within the belt must achieve the assigned belt effect.

Mine Composition This variable includes the effective use of different types of mines. Abbreviations for obstacletypes Table Engineers prepare the reserved target for demolition and emplace several MOPMS units on the enemy side, just out of target range.

Mine/Countermine Operations FM C2

The commander’s intent may include key aspects of the plan that he wants to emphasize to subordinates to synchronize the actions of subordinates toward a single purpose. Sample DA Form front side for a booby-trapped area Reporting and Recording FM Block 7. It depicts slow-go and no-go terrain relative to the type of enemy force.

This procedure is repeated for the second row.

Melting of the snow may also cause the mines to change positions and activate AHDs. Dismounted breaching assets versus threat obstacles G-5 TableG Table shows a sample task organization for a route clearance.

It can be used in low- mid- and high-intensity conflicts and in a variety of environments. A specific obstacle effect disrupt, turn, fix, or block may be assigned to obstacle control measures. Also note that the meter distance from the aim point line 15 designates a safety zone that is 1, by 1, meters. Traffic tapes are laid perpendicular to the minefield trace at meter intervals. Each tactical-obstacle effect has a specific resourcing factor.

The smaller the width or track signature of the vehicle, the less likely it will encounter and operaations a mine. For ground vehicles, the mines are dispensed 25 to 60 meters from the vehicle at ground speeds of 8 to 90 kph. They increase the enemy’s vulnerability to fires by producing specific obstacle effects disrupt, fix, turn, and block mind the enemy’s maneuver.


Although the blast wave is accentuated by underwater placement attacking hatches and coversmining of banks and approaches is recommended instead. The charge detonates upon actuation and shatters the mine’s metal casing to produce shrapnel.

AHDs are added to a minefield to discourage manual removal and reuse of mines by the enemy and to demoralize the enemy who is attempting to reduce the minefield. Removal of safety clip Secondly, the minefield operaions may be close enough to the supply point that any other method is less efficient.

They satisfy the high mobility requirements of modern warfare. SLAM in bottom-attack mode gure They should not be planned in areas of enemy observation and fire because the helicopter is extremely vulnerable while flying at the steady altitude, the speed, and the path required to emplace the minefield.

They are designed to be delivered or dispensed remotely by aircraft, artillery, missile, or a ground dispenser.

Full text of “FM (Mine Countermine Operations)”

Minefield design is the means by which an emplacing unit varies minefield width, minefield depth, mine density, mine composition, the use of AH Ds, and the irregular outer edge IOE to best achieve one of the four tactical-obstacle effects. This information is vital to obstacle planning. countermmine

The commander may modify the recommended distance for the final-approach marker, based on the terrain and countermone visibility. Detailed doctrine on APLs is also provided to ensure that US forces recognize how the enemy can employ these weapons.

Layers carry the maximum load of mines to be used as base mines in the clusters.