Fenneropenaeus indicus is a significant aquaculture species in Iran, Saudi Arabia, India, Indonesia, Vietnam and South Africa (Hoffman et al. Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) indicus H. Milne Edwards, Next to Metapenaeus dobsoni, P. indicus is the second most important species in the ricefield. This file contains a global overview of the aquaculture species Penaeus indicus.

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Asian Fisheries Science, 8: From PL5 onwards, artificial diets are commonly used to reduce water quality deterioration. Replacement of fish meal with ecofriendly feed ingredients. Pollution of waterways and groundwater due to pond effluents. Which species are on the road to recovery? Food and Agriculture Organization. Larval development of Indian penaeid prawns.

MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite Arkive images and videos and share them with friends. Argyrosomus japonicus is a significant predator if it gets into growout ponds. Synopsis of biological data on the Indian prawn Penaeus indicus H.

Juveniles completely depend upon natural food and harvesting is periodical, during full and new moon periods. The remaining stock is harvested by hand picking. Traditional This system of shrimp farming, which involves the trapping and holding of juvenile shrimp brought in by tidal water, is practiced in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, the Philippines and Viet Nam. InGreenpeace International added the Indian prawn to its seafood red list. They can be identified by a distinct difference in the rostrum.

Indian prawn

The major disease problems for this shrimp species are shown in the table below. It may NOT be used within Apps. Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Small scale shrimp hatchery.


Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: It is one of the major wild caught commercial species of the world. American lobster Arctides guineensis California spiny lobster Homarus gammarus Ibacus peronii Japanese spiny lobster Jasus Jasus edwardsii Jasus lalandii Metanephrops challengeri Thenus orientalis Nephrops norvegicus Palinurus elephas Panulirus argus Panulirus cygnus Panulirus echinatus Panulirus guttatus Panulirus homarus Panulirus longipes Panulirus ornatus Panulirus pascuensis Panulirus penicillatus Panulirus versicolor Parribacus japonicus Sagmariasus Scyllarides herklotsii Scyllarides latus Scyllarus arctus Thymops birsteini Tristan rock lobster.

Title Spawning Caption A partial spawn, usually the result of stress. Title Gonad development Caption Gonad development in head and tail of Fenneropenaeus indicus.

Destruction of mangroves and misuse of wetlands.

Fertilization is external as the ripe ova released by the female become fertilized by the sperm extruding simultaneously from the stored spermatheca in the thelycum.

Identity Biological features Profile Historical background Main producer countries Habitat and biology Production Production cycle Production systems Diseases and control measures Statistics Production statistics Market and trade.

Prices and market statistics White shrimp fetch a relatively lower price than Penaeus monodon. Various species of cormorants are natural predators in aquaculture facilities.

FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture Penaeus indicus

Archived from the original on July 19, Water is drained out during low tide and further reduced by pumping, using mobile diesel-powered equipment. Archived from the original on September 13, Adults are marine and the juveniles are estuarine.

A manual on shrimp farming. Depending on market requirements, shrimp may be processed into several forms, such as simple block frozen, ready-to-eat, whole chilled, IQF, and cooked products, which are exported by container ship or air cargo.

Very large fields with deeper areas ranging in size from 2 to 75 ha, where paddy cultivation is impossible, are also used for shrimp filtration throughout the year.


However, with the establishment of hatcheries and also due to overfishing, the dependence on wild seeds has been reduced. Telson lacking lateral spines. Feed is not provided to nauplius as it is a non-feeding stage.

FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture – Aquatic species

Information on Fenneropenaeus indicus is currently being researched and written and will appear here shortly. Due to the rapid development of shrimp farming, an increasing awareness of its potential impact on the environment fenneropenaeks.

Title Crab Natural enemy Wild Scylla.

Social conflicts with other resource users. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Extensive culture can be made more productive by construction of artificial ponds, use of aeration and supplementing with artificial diet.

In traditional farming, harvesting starts 2 months after stocking and is carried out from dusk to dawn for days around every full moon and new moon period. Compared with traditional type of management, semi-intensive production are on a relatively smaller scale with 0. Title Adult Natural enemy Caption Argyrosomus japonicus can be a significant predator in shrimp growout ponds.

Adults are normally found at depths less than 30 m but have also been caught from 90 m. invicus

During mating, which normally occurs at night, the sperm packs spermatheca ibdicus deposited by the hard-shelled male into the thelycum of the newly moulted, soft-shelled female. Various species of cormorants are natural predators of shrimp. X Close Image credit. The authority was entrusted with the responsibility of issuing licenses to shrimp farmers and the preparation of guidelines to promote sustainable shrimp aquaculture.