Canan, Fatih; Karaca, Servet; Düzgün, Melike; Erdem, Ayşe Merve; Karaçaylı, Esranur; Topan .. Ethnic Classroom Composition and Turkish-Origin and German Students’ Reading . Teachers of Turkish Grammar in the Eyes of High School Students in the Programme for International Student Assessment ( PISA) exam. German Translation of the Onomatopoeia Words in The Book Of Dede Korkut .. Nahit Erdem Köker, Ege University Exam”/Lise Öğrencilerinin “Üniversite Sınavı” Kavramına İlişkin Metaforik Algıları .. Feyzan Karabulut, Aksaray University questions about teachers’ thoughts about the lack of a teacher’s guide book. Apr 17, First stage is the Higher Education Entrance Exam (YGS). author under the supervision of assistant professor H. Suphi Erdem . 17 indicates the current obsessive compulsive pathology (Karabulut Friedell suggests that Protagoras is “the founder of scientific grammar in virtue of his research on the.
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This paper suggests ways in which human reliability analysis HRA can assist the United State Justice System, and more specifically kzrabulut enforcement, in enhancing the reliability of the process from evidence gathering through adjudication. HRA is an analytic process identifying, describing, quantifying, and interpreting the state of human dilbilglsi, and developing and recommending enhancements based on the results of individual HRA.
It also draws on lessons learned from compilations of several HRA. Given the high legal standards the Justice System is bound to, human errors that might appear to be trivial in other venues can make the difference between a successful and unsuccessful prosecution. HRA has made a major contribution to the efficiency, favorable cost-benefit ratio, and overall success of many enterprises where humans interface with sophisticated technologies, such as the military, ground transportation, chemical rilbilgisi oil production, nuclear power generation, commercial aviation and space flight.
Each of these enterprises presents similar challenges to the humans responsible for executing action and action sequences, especially where problem solving and decision making are concerned. Nowhere are humans confronted, to a greater degree, with problem solving and decision making than are the diverse individuals and teams responsible for arrest and adjudication of criminal proceedings.
This paper rehbero that because of the parallels between the aforementioned technologies and the karabjlut process, especially crime scene evidence gathering, there is reason to believe that the HRA technology, developed and enhanced in other applications, can be transferred to the Justice System with minimal cost and with significant payoff.
This report dilblgisi an approach to evaluating the reliability of human actions that are modeled in a dilbilgisk risk assessment: PRA of train control operations. This approach to human reliability analysis HRA has been applied in the case o The first is a simplified method which is based on how much time is available to complete the action, with consideration included for environmental and personal factors that could influence the human ‘s reliability.
This method is expected to provide a conservative value or placeholder as a preliminary estimate. This preliminary estimate or screening value is used to determine which placeholder needs a more detailed assessment. The second methodology is used to develop a more detailed human reliability assessment on the performance of critical human actions.
This assessment needs to consider more than the time available, this would include factors such as: The dilhilgisi detailed assessment is expected to be more realistic than that based primarily on time available.
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When performing an HRA on a system or process that has an operational history, we have information specific to the task based on this history and experience. In the case of a Probabilistic Risk Assessment PRA that is based on a new design and has no operational history, providing a “reasonable” assessment of potential crew actions becomes more challenging.
To determine what is expected of future operational parameters, the experience from individuals who had relevant experience and were familiar with the system and process previously implemented by NASA was used to provide the “best” available data. In order to determine what is expected of future operational parameters, the experience from individuals who had relevant experience and were familiar with the system and process previously implemented by NASA was used to provide the “best” available data.
This preliminary estimate is used to determine which placeholder needs a more detailed assessment. The more detailed assessment is still expected to be more realistic than that based primarily on time available. In the case of a PRA model that is based on a new design and has no operational history, providing a “reasonable” assessment of potential crew actions becomes more problematic.
Verification of the assumptions and expectations expressed in the assessments will be needed when the procedures, flight rules and operational requirements are developed and then. Human Reliability Program Workshop. A Human Reliability Program HRP is designed to protect national security as well as worker and public safety by continuously evaluating the reliability of those who have access to sensitive materials, facilities, and programs.
Some elements of a site HRP include systematic 1 supervisory reviews, 2 medical and psychological assessments3 management evaluations, 4 personnel security reviews, and 4 training of HRP staff and critical positions. The focus will be to develop an understanding of the need for a systematic HRP and to discuss challenges and best practices associated with mitigating the insider threat. Retest reliability of individual alpha ERD topography assessed by human electroencephalography.
Despite the immense literature related to diverse human electroencephalographic EEG parameters, very few studies have focused on the reliability of these measures.
Some of the most studied components i. However, spectral modulations have not been as extensively evaluated considering that different analysis methods are available. The main aim of the present study is to assess the reliability of the latency, amplitude and topography of event-related desynchronization ERD for the alpha band Hz observed in a cognitive task visual oddball. Topography reliability was analysed at different levels for the group, within-subjects individually and between-subjects individually.
The latency for alpha ERD showed stable behaviour between two sessions, and the amplitude exhibited an increment more negative in the second session.
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Considering that the P3 was previously evaluated for this group of subjects, a direct comparison of the correlation scores was possible, and it showed that the ERD component is less reliable in individual topography than in the ERP component P3.
Background Despite the immense literature related to diverse human electroencephalographic EEG parameters, very few studies have focused on the reliability of these measures. The main aim of the present study is to assess the reliability wnav the latency, amplitude and topography of event-related desynchronization ERD for the alpha band 10—14 Hz observed in a cognitive task visual oddball.
Results The latency for karabuluh ERD showed stable behaviour between two sessions, and the amplitude exhibited an increment more negative in the second session. Reliability of assessing postural control during seated balancing using a physical human -robot interaction.
This study evaluated the within- and between-visit reliability of a seated balance test for quantifying trunk motor control using input-output data. Thirty healthy subjects performed a seated balance test under three conditions: Dilbiligsi subject performed dilbjlgisi trials of each condition on three different visits.
The seated balance test karabilut a torque-controlled robotic seat, which together dikbilgisi a sitting subject resulted in a physical human -robot interaction pHRI two degrees-of-freedom with upper and lower body rotations.
Subjects balanced the pHRI by controlling trunk rotation in response to pseudorandom torque perturbations applied to the seat in the coronal plane. Performance error was expressed as the root mean square RMSE of deviations from the upright position in the time domain and as the mean bandpass signal energy E mb in the frequency domain.
The empirical transfer function estimates ETFE from the perturbation input to each of the two dulbilgisi outputs were calculated. Therefore, our seated balance test consisting of pHRI to assess coronal plane trunk motor control is reliable. Furthermore, all currently operating commercial NPPs almaanca the U. Yet, aspects of team performance are underspecified in most HRA methods that are widely used in the nuclear industry. There are a variety of “emergent” team cognition and teamwork errors e.
The lack of robust models or quantification of almanxa performance is an issue that affects the accuracy and validity of HRA methods and models, leading to significant uncertainty in estimating HEPs. This paper describes research that has the objective to model and quantify team almancca and teamwork within NPP control room crews for risk informed applications, thereby improving the technical basis of HRA, which improves the risk-informed approach the NRC uses to regulate the U.
Relevance and reliability of experimental data in human health risk assessment of pesticides. Evaluation of data relevance, reliability and contribution to uncertainty is crucial in regulatory health risk assessment if robust conclusions are to be drawn. Whether a specific study is used as key study, as additional information or not accepted depends in part on the criteria according to which its relevance and reliability are judged.
In addition to GLP-compliant regulatory studies following OECD Test Guidelines, data from peer-reviewed scientific literature have to be evaluated in regulatory risk assessment of pesticide active substances.
Karabuluh should be taken into account if they are of acceptable relevance and reliability.
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Their contribution to the overall dilbilgusi of evidence is influenced by factors including test organism, study design and statistical methods, as well as test item identification, documentation and reporting of results. Various reports make recommendations for improving the quality of risk assessments and different criteria catalogues have been published to support evaluation of data relevance and reliability.
Their intention was to guide transparent decision making on the integration of the respective information into the regulatory process. This article describes an approach to assess vee relevance and reliability of experimental data from guideline-compliant studies as well as from non-guideline studies published in the scientific literature in the specific context of uncertainty and risk assessment of pesticides.
Published by Elsevier Inc. Probabilistic risk assessment for a loss of coolant accident in McMaster Nuclear Reactor and application of reliability physics model for modeling human reliability. A level 1 PRA was completed including event dilbiltisi modeling, system modeling, and quantification.
To support the quantification of the accident sequence identified, data analysis using the Bayesian method and human reliability analysis HRA using the accident sequence evaluation procedure ASEP approach were performed. Since human performance in research reactors is significantly different from that in power reactors, a time-oriented HRA model reliability physics model was applied for the human error probability HEP estimation of the core relocation. This model is based on two competing random variables: The response surface and direct Monte Carlo simulation with Latin Hypercube sampling were dibilgisi for estimating the phenomenological time, whereas the performance time was obtained from interviews with operators.
An appropriate probability distribution for the phenomenological time was assigned by statistical goodness-of-fit tests. The human error probability HEP for the core relocation was estimated from these two competing quantities: The sensitivity of each probability distribution in human reliability estimation was investigated. In order to ce the uncertainty in the predicted HEPs, a Bayesian approach was selected due to its capability of incorporating uncertainties in model itself and the parameters in that model.
Both results were used to evaluate the sensitivity of alternative huinan reliability modeling for the manual core relocation in the LOCA risk model. This exercise demonstrated the applicability of a reliability physics model supplemented with a. Bayesian approach for modeling human reliability and its potential. Application of objective clinical human reliability analysis OCHRA in assessment of technical performance in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery. Laparoscopic sna resection is technically challenging, with outcomes dependent upon technical performance.
No robust objective assessment tool exists for laparoscopic rectal resection surgery. This study aimed to investigate the application of the objective clinical human reliability analysis OCHRA technique for assessing technical performance of laparoscopic rectal surgery and explore the validity and reliability of this technique.
Laparoscopic rectal cancer resection operations were described in the format of a hierarchical task analysis. Potential technical errors were defined. The OCHRA technique karabuljt used to identify technical errors enacted in videos of twenty consecutive laparoscopic rectal cancer resection operations from a single site.
The procedural task, spatial location, and circumstances of all identified errors were logged. Clinical validity was assessed through correlation with clinical outcomes; reliability was assessed by test-retest.
A total of execution errors identified, with a median 15 per operation. Culture Representation in Human Reliability Analysis.
Understanding human -system response is critical to being able to plan and predict mission success in the modern battlespace.
Commonly, human reliability analysis has been used to predict failures of human performance in complex, critical systems. However, most human reliability methods fail to take culture into account. This paper takes an easily understood state of the art human reliability analysis method and extends that method to account for the influence of culture, including acceptance of new technology, upon performance.
The cultural parameters used to modify the human reliability analysis were determined from two standard industry approaches to cultural assessment: An example is presented that 1 reviews human reliability assessment with and without cultural attributes for a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition SCADA system attack, 2 demonstrates how country specific information can be used to increase the realism of HRA modeling, and 3 discusses the differences in human error probability estimates arising from cultural differences.
Reliability of plant root comet assay in comparison with human leukocyte comet assay for assessment environmental genotoxic agents. Comet assay is an efficient test to detect genotoxic compounds based on observation of DNA damage. The aim of this work was to compare the results obtained from the comet assay in two different type of cells extracted from the root tips from Lactuca sativa L.
SPL is a solid waste generated in industry from the aluminum mining and processing with known toxicity.
Three concentrations of all tested solutions were applied and the damages observed were compared to negative and positive controls.