Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.
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Lack of constitutional a not only reduced the value of his work, but also adversely affected the later development of Muslim Political thought. Integrity of physical senses 4.
Al-Mawardi is of the view that the office of imam established after the pouse caliphs. The organization and prosecution of religious war against those who oppose Islam or refuse to enter the protection of the Islamic State as non-Muslim subjects.
S when He appointed him His Caliph: Sometimes al-Mawardi uses the documents of the Umayyad and the Abbasid periods his premises, for instance, he quotes the accession address of Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz to demonstrate the exalted ideals of the office of the Caliph.
Al-Mawardi says that the existing imam can nominate more than one Imam to succeed one another in turn. The appointment of an Imam by the consensus of the Muslim community is obligatory. Retrieved from ” https: Even the language and arguments are almost the same as in al-Mawardi in most places. The fact that a particular message is posted on or transmitted using this web site does not mean that CSSForum has endorsed that message in any way or verified the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message.
The Imamate is instituted by means of election.
The Quran is silent on all these pertinent issues, because their meaning is ever changing with the historical evolution. He is to decide within the limits of Shariah. Other jurists and scholars are of the opinion that election must be held if there is only one candidate for it, for otherwise the Imam cannot acquires legal status.
In the next chapter he takes it up again and discusses it in full detail. Pklitical anyone innovates an opinion or becomes a sceptic, the Imam should convince him of the real truth and correct him with proper arguments and make him obey the injunctions and prohibitions of the Shariah, so that the people at large may be saved from the evil effects of such heresies.
Political science: Al-Mawardi
The existence of two Imams contemporaneously is illegal. This method is suitable only if qualities of the voters are also assessed. This page was last edited on 21 Mayat The Imam should curb the strong from riding over the weak and encourage the weak to take their due in face of the strong. Al-Mawardi is of the view that people should not extend unconditional obedience to the caliph or imam. According to Al-Mawardi, Imam should perform following ten politicao duties: Subscriber Services Contact Us Help.
The Muslim jurists are of the opinion that the institution of the Caliphate is not necessitated by a clear injunction in the Quran but by the consensus of opinion, it is obvious that the matter is left to the discretion and thouvht of the Muslim community. The right of franchise is enjoyed not only by the people living mawadri the capital.
If Ibn-e-Rawwah also fell in the field then the Muslims could choose any one from among themselves as their Commander. He should preach Islam.
It was this principle under which most of the feeble and incapable Caliphs took refuge. The only authority above him is imam.
It is the duty of the judge to apply hadoods.
He was not very original in what he did. The Imamate is instituted by means of election. The Imam can appoint the Electoral College as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate. The sanction of allowances and stipends from the state treasury to those who are needy, sick and poor and cannot afford to get their wards educated. The ruling Imam can nominate his successor. He is of the opinion that it is a very respected office therefore, in normal conditions a judge should not be removed from his office.
This is followed by the allegiance of the people to be loyal to the new Imam. It is related that he did not publish any of his works in his lifetime. He is not in position to face up downs. The imam has the power to appoint an electoral college or to nominate heir imam.
His theory of election dealing only with the appointment of the Caliph is wholly undemocratic. Sixthly, having the knowledge of the holy Quran hadiths and fiqa.
A sovereign is to depend on his ministers. This was a clear departure from the principle of the Caliphate enunciated by al-Mawardi in the earlier part of his book.
While a third group supported by Al-Mawardi is of the opinion that any person may be appointed as imam. Al-Mawardi, therefore, found no difficulty in taking his cue from the prevailing ideas of his time. Only a small portion of the work is, however, devoted to political theory, the rest of it discusses the details of public administration and rules of government. Fifthly, honest and temperate. Al-Mawardi is thouhgt only to enumerate qualities for the office pokitical the qazi but enumerates his powers and functions: Friday, August 20, It is to recommend measures to abolish lawlessness, mal administration and disturbance in a province.